Publication Principles

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Publication Principles

Instructions for Authors:


For the submission of research studies, the following regulations should be followed:

  • The content of the research should be a first-time genuine and original study.
  • The first page should contain the complete research title, the researcher's name, his/her academic rank, the institution's name (if applicable) and the researcher's email.
  • The research article should contain an English abstract with keywords.
  • The research article should not exceed the number of 25pages, with 2 centimeters margins and single spaces lines, with pages including the bibliography, tables and charts.
  • Arabic research article should be written in 13 font size Simplified Arabic in the body of the research, 20 bold fonts (Gras) for the main  title, and 16 bold fonts for the subtitles.
  • English research article should be written in 12 fonts Times New Roman the in the body of the research, and 14 fonts in bold type (Majusclue) for the main title.
  • 7 APA documentation system is the recommended style in writing
  • The research projects will be submitted to blind peer reviews.
  • The researchers will be automatically notified through emails upon the reception of their research projects. They will also be notified about all the procedures for reviewing, and they should submit the amendments if required.


Please see our information on Ethics in publishing


A Review, as its name suggests, should not include any original work other than unpublished data of the author and should be a review of the literature. Reviews should be critical, have no more than two authors, and should not exceed forty typewritten pages. Reviews will generally be invited, although potential authors can submit Reviews for consideration.

Research Reports

A Research Report should be a short paper describing an original research study. The manuscript should be arranged in the order: Abstract, Key Word Index, Introduction, Experimental and Results and Discussion.

Research Notes

A paper that follows the format of Research Report but is less than four typewritten pages, or is obviously preliminary results, may be published as a Research Notes. A Research Note should be a brief note on the chemical composition of a medicinal plant. It should contain: Abstract (brief), Key Word Index, Plant Name (or synonymy, if important, and plant family), Source (origin of plant material), Plant Part, Previous Work, Present Work (brief description of analytical techniques used and list of components characterized).

Research Letters

A Research Letter is reserved for the publication of the IR, NMR, and MS spectra of uncommon or rare components for which there is not a published spectrum or the published spectra are obscure. The Research Letter should contain the origin of the compound, the CAS number, a comment on the purity of the compound, the conditions under which the compound was isolated, the spectra were obtained, and the spectra. Keep the number of references to a bare minimum.


A paper describing a technique or procedure that can be used to assist a medicinal plants scientist in any facet of his/her work can be submitted. The format for such a paper is less formal than for a Research Report because it depends on the subject matter as to how it should be represented. The technique must be fully described in an unambiguous way so that a reader can completely duplicate it.


A letter or discussion of a controversial issue can be submitted for publication. Before it is published, however, some comment letters will be solicited and obtained so that a combination of the original letter and some support or counterpoints can be published together.

Instructions for Authors

All manuscripts must be double-spaced throughout on regular letter-size paper with the margins of 2.5 cm from each side. The language of publication is English. Manuscripts must be checked by an English specialist before submission.

Online Submission

Authors should submit their manuscripts online.

All files must be submitted together in one communication. They include cover letter, main text (including title page, abstract, key words, introduction, materials and methods, results, discussion, acknowledgements, references and figure captions), tables, figures and supplementary files.


Title Page

The title page should include:

● The name(s) of the author(s)

● A concise and informative title

● The affiliation(s) and address(es) of the author(s)

● The e-mail address, telephone and fax numbers of the corresponding author


Please provide an abstract of 150 to 250 words. The abstract should not contain any undefined abbreviations or unspecified references.


Please provide 4 to 6 keywords which can be used for indexing purposes.


Text Formatting

Manuscripts should be submitted in Word.

● Use a normal, plain font (e.g., 10-point Times Roman) for text.

● Use italics for emphasis.

● Use the automatic page numbering function to number the pages.

● Do not use field functions.

● Use tab stops or other commands for indents, not the space bar.

● Use the table function, not spreadsheets, to make tables.

● Save your file in docx format (Word 2007 or higher) or doc format (older Word versions).


Please use no more than three levels of displayed headings.


Abbreviations should be defined at first mention and used consistently thereafter.


Footnotes can be used to give additional information, which may include the citation of a reference included in the reference list. They should not consist solely of a reference citation, and they should never include the bibliographic details of a reference. They should also not contain any figures or tables.

Footnotes to the text are numbered consecutively; those to tables should be indicated by superscript lower-case letters (or asterisks for significance values and other statistical data). Footnotes to the title or the authors of the article are not given reference symbols.

Always use footnotes instead of endnotes.

Conflict of Interests

The authors have not declared any conflict of interests.


Acknowledgments of people, grants, funds, etc. should be placed in a separate section before the reference list. The names of funding organizations should be written in full.



The list of references should only include works that are cited in the text and that have been published or accepted for publication it must be arranged in number order. Personal communications and unpublished works should only be mentioned in the text. Do not use footnotes or endnotes as a substitute for a reference list.

The entries in the list should be numbered consecutively.

Reference style

·Citation in text

Reference citations in the text should be identified by numbers in square brackets. Some examples:

1. Negotiation research spans many disciplines [3].

2. This result was later contradicted by Becker and Seligman [5].

3. This effect has been widely studied [1-3, 7].


· Reference to a journal publication

4. Bakkali F., Averbeck S., Averbeck D., Idaomar M. Biological effects of  essential oils - A Review. J. Food Chem Toxicol. 2008;46:446-475.


·Reference to a book

5. Rai M., Varma A. Mycotoxins in Food, Feed and Bioweapons, Springer-Verlag, 2010.


·Reference to a chapter in an edited book

6. Razzaghi-Abyaneh M., Shams-Ghahfarokhi M., Rezaee M.B., Sakuda S. Natural Aflatoxin Inhibitors from Medicinal Plants. In: Rai M, Varma A (eds.) Mycotoxins in Food, Feed and Bioweapons, Springer-Verlag Publication, 2010, pp. 329-354.


·Reference to a dataset

7. Oguro M., Imahiro S., Saito S., Nakashizuka T., Mortality data for Japanese oak wilt disease and surrounding forest compositions. Mendeley Data, v1, 2015.



All tables are to be numbered using Arabic numerals.

Tables should always be cited in text in consecutive numerical order.

For each table, please supply a table caption (title) explaining the components of the table.

Identify any previously published material by giving the original source in the form of a reference at the end of the table caption.

Footnotes to tables should be indicated by superscript lower-case letters (or asterisks for significance values and other statistical data) and included beneath the table body.

Color Art

● Color art is free of charge for online publication.

● If black and white will be shown in the print version, make sure that the main information will still be visible. Many colors are not distinguishable from one another when converted to black and white. A simple way to check this is to make a xerographic copy to see if the necessary distinctions between the different colors are still apparent.

● If the figures will be printed in black and white, do not refer to color in the captions.

● Color illustrations should be submitted as RGB (8 bits per channel).

Figure Numbering

● All figures are to be numbered using Arabic numerals.

● Figures should always be cited in text in consecutive numerical order.

● Figure parts should be denoted by lowercase letters (a, b, c, etc.).

● If an appendix appears in your article and it contains one or more figures, continue the consecutive numbering of the main text. Do not number the appendix figures, "A1, A2, A3, etc." Figures in online appendices (Electronic Supplementary Material) should, however, be numbered separately.

Figure Captions

● Each figure should have a concise caption describing accurately what the figure depicts. Include the captions in the text file of the manuscript, not in the figure file.

● Figure captions begin with the term Fig. in bold type, followed by the figure number, also in bold type.

Figure Placement and Size

When preparing your figures, size figures to fit in the column width.

­For most journals the figures should be 39 mm, 84 mm, 129 mm, or 174 mm wide and not higher than 234 mm.

For books and book-sized journals, the figures should be 80 mm or 122 mm wide and not higher than 198 mm.

After Acceptance

Proof Reading

The purpose of the proof is to check for typesetting or conversion errors and the completeness and accuracy of the text, tables and figures. Substantial changes in content, e.g., new results, corrected values, title and authorship, are not allowed without the approval of the Editor.

After online publication, further changes can only be made in the form of an Erratum, which will be hyperlinked to the article.

Online First

The article will be published online after receipt of the corrected proofs. After release of the printed version, the paper can also be cited by issue and page numbers.

Authorship Criteria

Everyone who has made a significant intellectual contribution to the research that formed the basis of the paper (such as the research question, design, analysis, interpretation, and written description) should be considered an author. Only those who have made significant intellectual contributions should be considered authors. Technical assistance, text translation, patient recruitment, material provision, funding, or administrative control over the facilities where the work was carried out are not, by themselves, sufficient for authorship, though they may be acknowledged in the manuscript. For the integrity of the entire work, one author as a guarantor should assume responsibility. The author who submits the article and requests reviews is frequently the corresponding author, but other authors can also fill this position. The final manuscript draft must be approved by all authors. It is best if all authors are familiar with every facet of the work. Modern research is frequently conducted in groups with complementary areas of expertise, thus it's possible that not every author is equally knowledgeable about every facet of the project. As a result, certain authors' contributions might be limited to particular elements of the overall work.