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With great enthusiasm, we announce the release of the 11th issue of MINAR Journal, entirely dedicated to exploring the latest breakthroughs in applied sciences and technology.

We are thrilled to unveil the 11th issue of MINAR journal, a special edition dedicated to applied sciences and technology. Within this volume, we present a diverse array of articles that we hope will captivate and inform our esteemed readers.

In the first article, "The Dangers of Silver Nanoparticles to the Human Body and the Environment," Taghreed B. ALWAN examines the potential risks associated with silver nanoparticles.

Moving on to the realm of enzymes, Lana Abid Mansor ALNAJAR, Khadeeja younis ABID, and Wafa Mohammed SADIK delve into the "Isolation and Purification of Bromelain Enzyme from Pineapple Juice and Study Cytotoxic Activity Against Cancer Cells."

Next, "Bioremediation: An Eco-Friendly Method for Administration of Environmental Contaminants" by Wurood Hamza MUTTALEB and Zainab Haider ALI explores the use of environmentally friendly approaches to combat pollution.

Shifting the focus to immunology, Ghada Younis ABDULRAHMAN and Ghaith Rabie MOHAMMED analyze "Immunological Response to SARS-CoV-2 and Immunopathology of COVID-19 Infection."

In the field of mathematical modeling, Ghassan Ezzulddin ARIF presents "The Construction of the Best Mathematical Model for Calculating Radon Concentration in Mineral Water."

Noha Mohammed YAHYA and Zeena Usama JASIM delve into the "Determination of the Binding Constant of Interaction of Mobic with Glutathione Using Square Wave Voltammetry."

Moreover, Waleed Khalid AHMED, Fatih KÖKSAL, Abdullah Abdulkreem HASSAN, Melda MERAL OCAL, and Saeed Ullah JAN discuss "Isolation and Molecular Diagnosis of Trichoderma Spp. and Evaluation of Its Effectiveness Against Dermatophytes."

Naktal Moaid EDAN and Sanabil A MAHMOOD explore the realm of software engineering in "Using Software Engineering to Design and Implement Mixer of Multiple Cameras, Microphone, and Screens."

In medical research, Khalida J. IBRAHEEM and Mohammed S. BAQER investigate "Diversity of Bacteria and Fungi and Phagocytic Properties of Neutrophils in Some Respiratory Diseases."

Zaid MUNDHER, Wael Wadullah HADEED, and Thaer ALRAMLI delve into "On the Consumption of Resources of the Hybrid Objects in the Internet of Things (IoT)."

The effects of COVID-19 are further studied by Maha N.S. AL-ALOUSI, Taghreed Khudhur MOHAMMED, and Alaa Abdulkhaliq JABBAR in "Measurement of Some Biomarkers in Different ABO System Patients Infected with COVID-19 in Baghdad City."

Continuing the examination of COVID-19's impact, Ali .F. HUSSEIN, Aalaa ABDULZAHRA, Nada. J. DAWOOD, and Huda HAKIM explore the "Incidence of COVID-19 in Relation to Environmental Temperature at Al-Basra City, Southern of Iraq."

Moving beyond public health, Alaa Saad OBAID, Abdalsattar Kareem HASHIM, and Hayder J. MUSA study "Excess Lifetime and Hereditary Cancer Risk Due to Natural Radioactivity in Some Types of Spices Samples in Iraqi Markets."

Furthermore, Zina Bakir AL-HILLI investigates the "Ecologically Friendly Bio-Reduction of Graphene Oxide by Staphylococcus Warneri."

Turning to botany, Israa Abdul Razzaq Majeed ALDOBAISSI discusses the discovery of "New Record Species of Genus Astragalus L. in Iraq."

Agriculture research is represented by Fathel F. R. IBRAHEEM, Abdelmonnem S. KAHLEL, Hussien J.M. AL-BAYATI, and Aknan A. M. ALKAWAZ, who determine "The Most Appropriate Date for Planting Broccoli (Brassica Oleraceae L. Var. Italica) Seeds in Nineveh Governorate."

Delving into ion bombardment, Fatema Saleem ABD ALI presents "Calculations of the Sputtering Yield of Some Elements When Bombarded with Nitrogen Ions."

Next, Noor Mazin Abdulrahman ATARBASHI and Enaam Ahmed Hamza AL-DAGESTANI study "Some Biochemical Indicators of Kidney Function and Estimation of Some Elements Concentration in the Blood Serum of Patients with Celiac Disease."

Rabab Majead ABED, Milad Adnan MEZHER, and Roqia Ahmed ABBAS investigate the "Assessment of Fungi and Mycotoxins Contaminating Antidiabetic Herbs."

The application of curcumin extract formulations for healing efficacy on mice wounds is examined by Awatif I. MUHAMMED, Ban Sahib Abdul-Nabi AL-NASIRY, Aseel M.H. Abed AL-RUDHA, Mohammed M. DAKHEEL, and Safaa ALI.

Shifting to hematology, Salim Omran BOSHABOR studies "Prothrombin Time, Activated Partial Thromboplastin Time, and Platelet Count in Patients with Diabetes Mellitus."

Agricultural research returns with Waleed B.A.M. ALLELA, Fathel F. R. IBRAHEEM, Hussien J.M. AL-BAYATI, and Abdelmonnem S. KAHLEL investigating "The Role of Organic Fertilizer (TICAMIN MAX) and Potassium Sulfate in the Quantitative and Qualitative Yield of Potato (Solanum Tuberosum L.)."

Huda K. KHASSAF, Zainab A. SHEHAB, and Fatin L. KHAPHI explore "Wounds Management and Treatment Effect of Quercus Gall."

Turning to environmental sciences, Dawser Hussain G researches the "Treatment of Cr (III) Content in Water Using Cold Atmospheric Plasma Technique."

Haza Satar MAJEED focuses on "Parametric Optimization of Dyes Absorption Using Polypropylene Imine Dendrimer from Textile Wastewater."

Microbiology takes center stage again with Ghada Y. ABDULRAHMAN and Suhad M. HAMDOON studying "Sub Gingival Complex Microbial Biofilms and Their Eradication."

The "Stability of Pharmaceutical Preparations" is discussed by Hana Sh. MAHMOOD, Nada A. KHALIL, and Ahlam A. SHEHAB.

In animal experimentation, Ali Hadi MOHAMMED and Ahmed Obaid HOSSAIN study "The Effect of Adding a Pb Nanoparticle with a Percentage of 0.5 of Bi and an Addition of Sr,Ti Nanoparticles of 0.1,0.3,0.5 of Ba on the Structural, Electrical, and Magnetic Properties of the Superconducting Compound (Bi₂Ba₂Ca₂Cu₃O₁₀₊δ) at High Temperatures."

Naziha Nassar ANEIZAN, Abdulkareem DASH ALI, and Hanan RIDHA ABD delve into the "Partial Effect