THE EXTENT OF ADHERENCE TO THE ROUTINE VACCINATION SCHEDULE FOR CHILDREN IN TIME OF CORONA PANDEMIC
The vaccine is a biological preparation that provides active acquired immunity to a specific infectious disease. The practice of immunization goes back hundreds of years and is considered the founder of vaccination science Edward Jenner in the West in 1796. A 13-year-old boy was vaccinated with the cowpox vaccine and showed immunity to smallpox. Vaccines are manufactured from weak or dead forms of microbes, their toxins, or one of the surface proteins. The topic of this study dealt with knowing of the percentage of children who dropped out of routine vaccinations and the extent of commitment to taking routine vaccinations during the Corona epidemic, and finally the impact of not taking vaccinations on infection with diseases. The research process was carried out in Basra Governorate, in cooperation with the health centers. A questionnaire was made containing a set of questions about the child like (gender, age, arrangement of the child in the family…) for 200 samples which were collected during a period of time and the interview was directly with the mother and using the vaccine card to obtain all information about the missed vaccines. The study revealed that 70.5% of the participants dropped out of vaccines (21% of them have dropped out of all vaccinations, and 49.5% have dropped out of some of them) and it was found that the rate of adherence to routine vaccinations during the pandemic was 29.5%..
Keywords: Children Vaccination, COVIED-19, Immunization.