STUDY THE FEASIBILITY OF USING SOLAR ENERGY AND RATIONALIZING THE USE OF ELECTRIC ENERGY TO REDUCE THE SHORTAGE IN ENERGY SUPPLY IN IRAQ
The increase of energy consumption of fossil fuel as a result of the increase in the population of Iraq, the development of urban lifestyle, the increase in the number of vehicles as well as the increase of power generators has led to dangerous environmental risks, air, water and soil pollution, the spread of cancers and sensitivity diseases besides the reduction of the Iraqi exports of raw oil as a result of domestic consumption. Therefore; searching for solutions to restricting or surmounting these effects such as finding clean renewable sources of power have become inevitable. Among those renewable sources which are environmentally friendly and of middle cost is the solar power that includes solar heater and solar cells boards. Using 100.000 solar heaters saves (324.800 Megawatt hour) within one year, while using 100.000 solar cells system with an energy of (1000 watt) saves (438.000 Megawatt hour) within one year. Other means of reducing the effects of using fossil fuel is spreading the culture of power rationing and avoiding the waste and excessive consumption through cooperation with educational institutions by setting special programs such as courses, symposiums, posters and setting out a day for power consumption rationing. Turning off 10% of sets operation time in 1.000.000 house would save more than (2.076.120 megawatt hour) per annum.
Keywords: Solar Energy, Solar Modules, Solar Collectors, Rationalizing The Use of Electric Energy, Electricity Energy in Iraq.