STUDY THE EFFECT OF ADDING GLENIUM 51 AND POLYMERIC PLASTICS ON THE MECHANICAL AND PHYSICAL PROPERTIES OF ORDINARY PORTLAND CEMENT
Cement is importance as one of the strategic construction of any civilization depends, and its paramount significance in the construction of building, roads, bridges and infrastructure, which requires the use of cement with special specification and thus the use of polymers as additives to increase the compressive, flexural and tensile strength of the cement used in construction. Cement producing can possibility with high specification and for multiple uses, some studies be carried out on the use of some available additives in small quantities so as to give the cement high desirable specification in terms of color, compressive strength, tensile and permeability compared to ordinary cement. This research aims to know the extent to which some of the physical and mechanical properties of cement mortar, such as compressive strength, flexural and tensile strength, are improved upon weight substitution of specific polymeric materials with high efficiency, such as, silica fume .styrene-butadiene, styrene- acrylic in low weight ratio so that it does not add a high economic cost to the production of therequired concrete .for specific uses and sheds light on the effect of different temperatures on the properties where studied in this study . The study showed that the addition of polymeric materials (Glenium 51, silica fume, styrene –butadiene) with different weight ratio of cement weight at 20°C led to obtaining the highest compressive strength, flexural and tensile strength at the optimum level to the development and improvement of properties. Mechanical and physical cement mortar compared to the reference cement free of additives .As for the use of styrene –acrylic, it had a negative effect and led to a decrease in the compressive and tensile strength .especially in the later ages compared to the reference cement. The optimum ratio of Glenium51 was added to the optimum ratio of each material separately and the mixture was added to the cement mortar at different temperatures( 7, 20, 55 )°C .The effect of additives on the properties of the cement mortar was studied. Also, a mixture (Glenium51, silica fume, styrene-butadiene, styrene-acrylic) was added in the optimum proportions for each material to the cement mortar at different temperatures, and this addition led to increase on compressive, flexural and tensile strength at all temperatures compared with reference cement. Silica fume, styrene-butadiene rubber and styrene acrylic were added separately to the cement mortar without Glenium51, then a mixture of silica fume, styrene-butadiene, and styrene-acrylic was added to the cement mortar .The results showed that the compressive, flexural and tensile strength of cement mortar increase while styrene acrylic decrease these properties when compared with the reference mixture.In addition, the study showed the effect of temperature to the properties of added polymers with cement mortar, All experiments were performed at different temperatures (The temperature which Iraq's climate is exposed under natural conditions.All experiments were conducted at different temperatures (7, 20, 55)°C respectively, to show the effect of degrees on cement compressive strength, which the degree7 represents in winter, 20 in spring and autumn, and 55 in summer.
Keywords: Glenium 51, Polymeric Plastics, Portland Cement.