SOUTH IRAQ MARSHES MONITORING USING SATELLITE IMAGES AND REMOTE SENSING APPLICATIONS
The marshes of Iraq are vital and rich in livestock such as fish and plants such as reeds and papyrus in addition to water resources. This research provides important study and monitoring of this vital and important area, It plays an important role to improve the economic, social, biodiversity status in the country. These marshes lie in a large bounded triangular region by three major southern cities: Nasiriyah to the west, Amarah to the northeast, and Basrah to the south. The study was done by collecting several Landsat satellite imageries, for different time periods such as the seventies (MSS- 1973) and the nineties (TM-1993) and the era of fifties Landsat 8 OLI (Operational Land Imager) (2015). A digital image classification method such as a minimum distance measurement was used. And Principle component analysis (PCA) transformation was employ to perform change detection by compute the first and second maximum variance of each band for each image and find the change between them.
Keywords: Marshes, Minimum distance classification, Change detection, Principle component analysis (PCA).