MEASUREMENT OF SOME BIOMARKERS IN DIFFERENT ABO SYSTEM PATIENTS INFECTED WITH COVID- 19 IN BAGHDAD CITY
Background: People with blood type O are less likely to contract the coronavirus, while people with type A blood are more likely to contract COVID-19, according to several studies. Aims: study there is an association between ABO and different ABO system patients infected with COVID- 19 in Baghdad City. Methods: During the period from January 3, 2021, to December 22, 2021, all 83 patients (44 males and 39 females) were diagnosed with COVID-19 infection. SARS-COV-2 infection was diagnosed using the 2019-nCoV IgG/IgM COMBO test card. Also, serum Ferritin levels; Vitamin D3; C-reactive protein (CRP), ABO blood system, Lactate Dehydrogenase (LDH), and D- Dimer were estimated. Results: The link between blood type and infection with the developing coronavirus in 83 Iraqi individuals was investigated. Patients with type A blood had the highest rate of infection with the Covid-19 virus. COVID-19 does not totally protect people with type O blood. Based on the data, it was determined that there is no link between the Covid-19 virus and other blood groups. This study found that, in addition to the ABO blood type, the RhD blood type has an impact on COVID-19 susceptibility. Conclusion: The study found no evidence of a link between blood group and the severity of COVID-19 disease.
Keywords: ABO Blood System, RhD blood type, COVID-19.