Mushrooms are food traditionally consumed in Asia, Europe and America. They are being studied for medicinal benefits. Extensive studies have shown that Agaricus brasiliensis mushroom used as a medical productto combat cancers.
Our data reveal that the determined inhibitory concentration fifty(IC50) values were observed maximum dose responses (IC50) of WRL68 andAsPC-1 cancer cells reported of 172.6 µg/ml and 158.2 µg/ml respectively at 2.23 and 2.1 µg/ml ethanolic mushroom concentrations. The highly cytotoxic activity of the extract on growth inhibition AsPC-1 and WRL68were generally observed 97.9% and 95% at extract concentrations of 25 µg/ml and 50µg/ml respectively.
Finally, Phytochemical profile of Agaricus brasiliensis mushroom extract found to beflavonoids, glycosides, saponins, phenols,alkaloids, tannins.The extracts of Agaricus brasiliensiswas tested throughGas Chromatography-Mass(GC-MS). There were five different compounds analyzed from the extracts of Agaricus brasiliensis. The compounds in the ethanolic extract of A. brasiliensis mushroom were comprised mostly of Acetic acid ethyl ester(38.39%),followed by(3-Methyl-oxiran-2-yl)-methanol (34.71%), Chlorbromuron (22.86%), n-Hexadecanoic acid (3.85%) and Heptane, 1-(1-butenyloxy) (0.19%).
However, no studies were done using Agaricus brasiliensismushroom extract against WRL68 and AsPC-1 human cell lines. Therefore, the anticancer efficiency of Agaricus brasiliensis mushroom on human embryonic liver WRL68 andhuman pancreatic AsPC-1 cancer cellstherapy is being reported for the first time in the current study.
Keywords: Agaricus brasiliensis, Phytochemical profile, MTT assay,GC-Mass, WRL68, AsPC-1.