IMMUNOLOGICAL AND EPIDEMIOLOGICAL STUDY OF HYDATID CYSTS DISEASE IN ADULT PATIENTS
Hydatid cysts disease is considered one of the important common diseases between humans and animals that have pathological effects with serious complications. The current study was conducted during the period from February 2020 to August to investigate hydatid worm infections and the associated environmental factors, and the current study was concerned with evaluating the number of cases of disease in hydatid cysts in general hospital of Al-Diwaniyah governorate, and identifying the organs that were targeted by the infection. The current study was also conducted to investigate the extent of the immune responses that the body develops against the hydatid cysts.40 patients (11 males and 29 females) infected with confirmed cystic echinococcosis and 10 apparently healthy as a control group, that the most affected member is (Liver), as the rate of infection (42,5), and (30%) in kidney and ( 27,5%) in spleen. IgG ELISA was performed to assess humoral immune responses. the results showed the sensitivity of the ELISA test to detect anti-hydatid antibodies was be 82.45%.
Keywords: Hydatid Cysts, Echinococcosis, ELISA