DETECTION AGRICULTURE DEGRADATION FOR THE SOUTH OF BAGHDAD CITY USING REMOTE SENSING DATA FOR YEARS 2010-2019
Recently, the develop of the science of remote sensing enabled humanity to achieve the accuracy and wide coverage for different natural phenomena, disasters and applications (such as desertification, rainstorms, floods, fires, sweeping torrents, urban planning, and even in military). The main aim of this study is monitoring, highlighting and assessing maps for the degradation of agriculture in the south areas of Baghdad governorate (Al-Rasheed, Al-Yusufiyah, Al-Mahmudiyah, Al-Latifiyah, and Al-Madaen). Based to several factors, including the economic, social and military operations, the area had suffer the lands degradation which led to agriculture retreating. Remote sensing and Geographic information system (GIS) was applied, using ArcGIS 10.4.1 to process, manage, and analysis datasets, beside field verification to estimate the severity assessment of a computerized land degradation. Two satellites were adapted Landsat5 TM+ and Landsat8 OLI/TIRS imageries to assess the extent of land degradation for the study area during the years (5th May 2010 and 2nd May 2019). Two indices used in this research are: The Normalized Difference Vegetation Index “NDVI”, and The Normalized Differential Water Index “NDWI”. The results showed that there is a clear spatial reduction in both NDVI and NDWI, where the NDVI reduced from 2461082400 m2 to 1552698000 m2, accounting for 89.67 and 56.57 percent, respectively, while the NDWI reduced from 14166000 m2 to 12053700 m2, accounting for 0.52, and 0.44 percent, respectively.
Keywords: Agriculture Degradation, RS And GIS Techniques, Landsat Satellite Imagery, NDVI And NDWI.